Thirtieth Sunday in Ordinary Time

Engaging Faith | Mon, Oct 20, 2008

By John Bucki, SJ
Source: Center of Concern

Thirtieth Sunday in Ordinary Time [a]

 October 26, 2008


Exodus 22:20-26

1 Thessalonians 1:5c-10

Matthew 22:34-40


October 24: United Nations Day

October 31: Halloween

November 1: All Saints Day

November 2: All Souls Day


Love for others, and in the first place love for the poor, in whom the Church sees Christ himself, is made concrete in the promotion of justice.

~ John Paul II, Centesimus Annus, 1991

Love of neighbor is an absolute demand for justice, because charity must manifest itself in actions and structures which respect human dignity, protect human rights, and facilitate human development. To promote justice is to transform structures which block love.

1971 Synod of Bishops, Justice in the World

In teaching us charity, the Gospel instructs us in the preferential respect due to the poor and the special situation they have in society: the more fortunate should renounce some of their rights so as to place their goods more generously at the service of others.

Pope Paul VI, Call to Action, 23

Distributive justice requires that the allocation of income, wealth, and power in society be evaluated in light of its effects on persons whose basic material needs are unmet.

--U.S. Bishops, Economic Justice for All

Individual initiative alone and the mere free play of competition could never assure successful development. One must avoid the risk of increasing still more the wealth of the rich and the dominion of the strong, whilst leaving the poor in their misery and adding to the servitude of the oppressed."

--Pope Paul IV, 1967, On the Development of Peoples, #33

Thoughts for your consideration

In the gospel today, Jesus affirms that both love of God and love of neighbor are essential to our life.

The first reading presents challenging examples which make this love very concrete.

Exodus gives very clear instructions. 

  • Aliens, widows and orphans are not to be oppressed.
  • Interest is not to be demanded from the poor, to whom money is lent.

Love is not just an emotion. 

It moves us to care for those who most in need. 

It calls us to consider the needs of people and not just our personal economic security. 

Love leads to action.

We are called to put love into action.

We are reminded of Catholic Social Teaching's demand for a preferential love for the poor.   

In any case, we must ask ourselves: who are the aliens, widows and orphans today?  Are they being oppressed in any way?  How can we as individuals and as a society show them a love that is made concrete? What are the structures in our society and our government that will promote such justice?


Some people may be surprised to read in Exodus about the prohibition on charging interest on loans to the poor.  Yet, there it is.  It is especially striking when we reflect on the current problems in our financial system over the last year and the number of people who have experienced foreclosures.  We certainly have a lot to think about.  Number 341 of the Compendium of the Social Teaching of the Church addresses the question of usury:

Although the quest for equitable profit is acceptable in economic and financial activity, recourse to usury is to be morally condemned: "Those whose usurious and avaricious dealings lead to the hunger and death of their brethren in the human family indirectly commit homicide, which is imputable to them".[714] This condemnation extends also to international economic relations, especially with regard to the situation in less advanced countries, which must never be made to suffer "abusive if not usurious financial systems".[715] More recently, the Magisterium used strong and clear words against this practice, which is still tragically widespread, describing usury as "a scourge that is also a reality in our time and that has a stranglehold on many peoples' lives".[716]

[714] Catechism of the Catholic Church, 2269.

[715] Catechism of the Catholic Church, 2438.

[716] John Paul II, Catechesis at General Audience (4 February 2004), 3: L'Osservatore Romano, English edition, 11 February 2004, p. 11.

Questions for Reflection in your Faith Sharing Group

What examples come to mind when you think of that love of neighbor that moves beyond charity to the promotion of justice? 

The first reading talks about welcoming the "alien."  What does this have to say to us as we consider our nation policies about immigration?

The first reading talks about care for the "widow and the orphan."  Who are the widows and the orphans of today?

Actions - Links

The Catholic Campaign for Immigration Reform is sponsoring a video contest.  They are looking for videos connecting Catholic Social Teaching and personal stories about immigration.  For info go to

For good information about the Catholic position on immigration, go to the web pages of the Maryland Catholic Conference:

"Crazy Facts"

The President's Counsel of Economic Advisors reports "Immigrants make up a larger share of the U.S. workforce (15 percent) than they do the population (12 percent). Their labor force participation is higher and their unemployment rate is lower than that of native-born workers."

Prayers of Intercession

Response: God of Love, help us love one another.

For immigrants to our country, we pray....

For refugees who have come from places of great danger, we pray....

For the homeless of our own nation, we pray....

For those who are burdened by debts, we pray.....

For those who are in danger of losing their homes, we pray.....

For those who have lost their employment, we pray....

For those who are worried about the loss of employment, we pray....

Prayer - Meditation

The following prayer is one of many that can be found at the site of the Catholic Agency for Overseas Development at:

A feast for all

Loving God,

We gaze in wonder

At the splendor of your creation

We see a banquet spread before us

Rich carpeted fields of yellowing grain

And overflowing baskets of ripe fruit

We see a banquet prepared for all peoples

Of fine wines and rich food

A generous feast for all to share

Help us to learn from your generosity

How to share our bread with the hungry

And open our hearts to the poor

To commit ourselves to preparing

A banquet for all peoples

A generous feast for all to share.


Prayer for Charity and a Preferential Option for the Poor by Mary Lou Kownacki, OSB

Poor ones, please take the bread. It is yours.

The house with running water belongs to you.

A plot of land, a dignified job - all yours.

Forgive me for offering it.

Charity is not substitute for justice but your children are hungry now.

Spirit of Justice, break open our hearts.

Break them wide open

Let anger pour through

            like strong winds

            cleaning us of complacency,

Let courage pour through

            like spring storms

            flooding out fear.

Let zeal pour through

            like blazing summer sun,

            filling us with passion.

Force of Justice, grant me

            anger at what is,

            courage to do what must be done,

            passion to break down the walls

            of injustice

                        and build a land flowing

                        with milk and honey

                        for God's beloved,

                        God's special love,

                        God's Poor Ones.

Spirit of Justice

break open our hearts.

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