Trade-Related Job Losses: A Gender Analysis

Global Women's Project | Sun, Apr 23, 2006

By Ramya Vijaya, Ph.D.


This research evaluates gender biases in trade-related employment changes in the U.S. manufacturing industries.  We find that existing patterns of occupational segregation have ensured that female workers are more vulnerable to trade-related insecurities.  We also find that the patterns of segregation make it less likely that female workers will benefit from potential gains from trade.  We believe that the extent of this bias highlighted here should provide a strong motivation to evaluate the effectiveness of trade-related emloyment eompensation and adjustment programs from a gender perspective.
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